Collects federal fuel and excise taxes and distributes revenues to the states.
[This is like the brother in our family analogy.]
Department of Transportation: Federal
Highway Administration, Federal
- Oversees plans that are prepared by states and metropolitan regions, to satisfy standards
required for federal funding.
- Operates under criteria set by federal legislation
Environmental Protection Administration
- Comments on environmental impact of federally funded projects under National Environmental
Policy Act (NEPA).
- Comments on air quality conformity assessments, which are required by the federal Clean Air
Act Amendments of 1990 and prepared by the Metropolitan Planning Organization to determine
the impact of federally funded transportation plans on regional air quality.
Collects state fuel and vehicle taxes.
(This is like the sister in our story.)
Department of Transportation (PennDOT)
- Oversees the planning and allocation of funds for transportation projects throughout the state.
These include interstates, highways, state roads, bridges and other eligible transportation
- Prepares a four-year Statewide Transportation Improvement Program for submission to U.S.
DOT, combining TIPs of Pennsylvania’s 15 MPOs and funding programs of 7 Rural Planning
Organizations and 1 independent county.
- Develops a statewide Twelve-Year Program, scheduling state funding for specific projects over
12 years (For
our region, the
1st four years is identical to SPCs TIP).
- Three districts in southwestern Pennsylvania:
State Transportation Commission
- Sets policy direction regarding the state’s Twelve-Year Program.
- Holds hearings each odd-numbered calendar year on transportation projects for consideration
on the next Twelve-Year Program. In Southwestern Pennsylvania, the Public Participation
Panels collect testimony and take it to the STC, so individuals can testify more conveniently.
Pennsylvania Turnpike Commission
- Plans, constructs and operates toll roads in Pennsylvania.
- Independent agency appointed by the Governor.
- Draws upon separate, designated funding sources — primarily revenues from tolls, oil franchise
tax and bonding.
Planning Organization (MPO)
Pennsylvania Commission (SPC)
- The designated MPO for 10 counties (Allegheny,
the City of Pittsburgh.
- Responsible for developing and adopting a
plan that sets priorities for transportation improvements
that will receive federal and state funds. This plan must stay
within projected revenues and must meet federal air quality standards.
It must cover at least a 20-year planning period, consider all modes of transportation,and support the region’s community
- Develops and adopts a four-year Transportation
Improvement Program (TIP) to fund specific projects and implement the long-range transportation plan. The TIP
may not exceed projected revenues.
- Works cooperatively with county
and municipal governments, transit authorities, and state and
- Serves as the regional consensus-building
- Provides technical assistance to member
governments, such as traffic
counts and forecasts, mapping,
census and other statistical data.
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- Separate systems operate
in each county.
- Construct, maintain and operate bus, light-rail and paratransit (van) services.
- Work in conjunction with the MPO
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- Construct and maintain local roads and bridges.
- Some of these facilities qualify for state
and federal funding, which is allocated through the regions
- Counties and municipalities may operate public
- Municipalities are responsible for land use